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Giridih is an emerging city in the state of Jharkhand. The name of the city Giridih is inspired by the Hills surrounding the place. The city of Giridh was part of Hazaribagh district before the year 1972. The city is home to the famous and prestigious institute known as Indian statistical institute.The city is bestowed with several tourist spots and is a must visit place in Jharkhand. With the passage of time, the city has seen many significant developments in administration, utility services, tourism and infrastructure.
Brief History of Giridih
Giridih was previously part of the district called Hazaribagh. The city is located in Chota Nagpur Plateau. The entire region is covered by dense forest vegetation and hill locks. The region is inhabited by several tribal communities residing since ages. Prior to the independence the regions was part of Hazaribagh. Mundas were the traditional rulers of this tribal land. The land remained unexplored until the Mughal emperor Akbar came into power in 1556 A.D. After the succession of Akbar the region became part of Mughal empire. Entire Jharkhand alongwith Hazaribagh was known then referred as Khukra . Later in early 18th century, the region was included in the British controlled district of Hazaribagh. The city has been part of Southwest Frontier Agency under the British
rule for a long time. Later in 1854 the name Southwest Frontier Agency was
changed to Chota Nagpur. However the present day Giridih city was initially developed by Bihar government before the separation of state. For More Click Here
Geography & Climate of Giridih
Giridih is surrounded by dense forest and is located on Central and Lower Plateaus. The Western part of the region of Giridih is located on the Central plateau. The lower Plateau is comprised of undulating surface with average height of 1300 feet. The Northern portion of the lower plateau is mainly known for the table lands. The plateau maintains the height of 1300 feet until it reaches the ghats where the average height is 700 feet. The region is covered with dense vegetation especially by Sal and Teak forests. Other commonly found species are Simul, Bamboo, Palas, Mahua, Kusum, Asan Piar, Kend and Bhelwa. Barakar and Sakri Rivers flows through Giridih and contributes immensely in the biodiversity of the region.
Giridih is a mineral rich region and is bestowed with the best quality coal mines. The mineral rich land also posses high availability of Mica. The blocks
Tisri and Gawan are highly rich in ores and minerals that are used by
government of India . The climatic
condition in the region is generally dry. The most pleasant time to
spend in the region is during the winters. Summers are mainly hot and
humid. During the month of May, sometime the temperate rises up to 47
degree Celsius. The region experiences monsoon during the month of June.
Giridih is situated at 24.18°N 86.3°E. It has an average altitude of
289 meters (948 ft). The Parasnath Hills are the highest mountain peaks
in the region composed of granite with 4,477 feet above the sea level. For More Click Here
Places of Interest in Giridih
The region is situated in the lap of nature that offers several sightseeing options to the visitors. The region is dotted with several exotic natural scenic spots. The region is also hub of several devotional places that observes the influx of many pilgrims over the year. Some popular places to visit in the city are:
Sri Sammeta Shikharji famously called Parasnath Hills
According the census report in 2011, the total population of Giridih District was approximately 19, 01,564. The city is emerging slowly and is the 8th largest city in Jharkhand. The males in the region contributes to 53% of the population where as the female contributes to 47 % of the population. The region has over all 69 % of literacy rate with 74% of male are literate and 63% of females are educated. Around 15 % of the total population is under 6 year of age.
Events / Festivals in Giridih
The city celebrates major festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Dussera, Christmas, Eid etc. All the major festivals are celebrated across the city that showcases the cultural richness of the city. Festivals in this city make for unrestrained jollification. Some of the tribal festivals like Karma, Sarhul, Tusu Mela, Sohrai etc are also celebrated with great ebullience.
Transportation in Giridih
The city has great transportation facility. The well laid road and rail network connects Giridih to rest of the country. Giridih Railway Station was established in year 1871 by East India Company under British Government in order to reach up to the mineral heartland in the city. After Independence the Giridih Railway station came under Indian railways and now it severs as a main gateway for Jain pilgrims visiting Parasnath temple in the region. Giridih Railway Station comes under Eastern Railway Zone of Indian Railways. The city is well connected with both state capital Ranchi and national capital New Delhi. Giridih lies on the junction of NH-2 and NH-100 roads and Grand Trunk road passes through the city. The city owns a bus terminus which is connected to other state terminus. Several government and private buses run regularly between the terminus and connects the districts. The city is also well connected with some major airports in Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. The city has its own air strip known as Boro aerodrome. For More Click Here
Economy and Industrialism in Giridih
Giridih is one of the fastest emerging cities in the State of Jharkhand. During 1960-1970 the city emerged as the hub of mineral extraction. The mica and raw minerals was exported to USSR led to tremendous growth of mineral manufacturing industries in the region. But after the disintegration of USSR into 12 CIS countries, the industry saw a steep decline in growth. The southern part of Giridih has coal fields owned by Coal India limited .
The city has Data Processing Center of NSSO that provides collection of data on various socio- political aspect of the country. The city is also dotted with several small medium scale enterprises that are contributing to the economy. These industries are majorly related to processing of minerals, iron furnaces, manufacturing alloys etc. Bharat Alloys, Saluja Power and Steel Limited, Shivam Group and Gaurishanker Electrocastings, Sri Ram Steels, Atibir, Bhardwaj, Salasar, Allied, are few major industries operating in and around the city. For More Click Here
Shopping in Giridih
KD market in Giridih is the best place to
shop around. In this market exclusive handicraft items are available at
unbeatable price. Despite of being a small city, the region is dotted
with several small markets and shops that provide all utility items at
affordable rates.The market offers the products ranging from apparels,
utensil, and hardware to exotic antique items. The city serves as one of
the commercial center in the region. Apart from the small shops, the
city also posses’ shopping malls such as Vishal Mega Mart where one can
find all the products under one roof with discounted rates. Enjoy
shopping up to the fullest in the beautiful city of Giridih. For More Click Here
Giridih at a glance
Country: India State: Jharkhand Region: Central Plateau District: Giridih Language: Hindi, Santhali Location: 24.18°N 86.3°E Pin Code: 815301 Telephone Code: 06532 Climate: Tropical Climate Population (2011): 143,529 Website:www.giridih.nic.in